Do you know how to handle your stinging insect problem? Effective and efficient treatment of stinging insects involves the following:
•Obtaining adequate information and photos about the pest issue
•Identifying the insect by their looks, their nests, and behaviors
•Knowing good times to treat aggressive insects
•Knowing where these insects may build their nests
•Being prepared with proper equipment
If you have a problem with stinging insects, you should contact a pest control professional who can properly identify and safely treat your issue. Often special dusts, sprays, tools, equipment and safety gear are needed to treat stinging insects.
Facts about wasps, hornets and bees in Maryland:
•Can sting several times, not just once.
•Have black and yellow body, not furry
•Build their nests in places like hollowed out trees, underground, and sometimes in walls or under roofs. Nests are often hidden and not visible.
•They build nests with hexagonal cells. They chew wood to make a paper-like pulp to build their nests
•Has a queen for every nest. Nests are usually about the size of a soccer ball and can house around 4,000-5,000 workers who feed and protect the queen.
•Lives in the nest during the spring/summer, then the colony dies off in the winter months.
•Typically eat nectar and fruit, sometimes eat other insects, and can be attracted to sweet human food, might fly around garbage cans
•Most active/aggressive during daytime hours
•Black with white markings on their body, with a largely white “bald” face
•Have enclosed nests about the size of a soccer ball and are grey and paper-like. They build their nests off the ground, often in hedges, trees or on the outside of a building.
•Have worker hornets can be seen flying in and out of the nest, with the larger queen hornet staying protected inside.
•Can become very aggressive when they sense a threat and can sting multiple times
• Most active/aggressive during daytime hours
•Is not as aggressive as some other stinging insects though may attack if threatened.
•Has a black or brown and yellow body
•Creates open comb nests out of wood pulp that look papery
•Build usually small nests in sheltered areas, such as the eaves of a house, the branches of a tree, or on the end of an open pipe
•Usually eat nectar and other insects
•Common name comes from their habit of boring into wood.
•Do not eat wood but cause damage to structures by drilling circular holes to create tunnels inside wood.
•Unlike other common bees, such as honeybees and bumble bees that live in colonies, this insect is not social and builds individual nests into trees outdoors or into the frames, eaves or sides of buildings.
•Large, slower moving, black/brown body with yellow fur
•Larger than most stinging insects, bodies are brown with yellow stripes on their abdomens, brownish tint to wings
•Can sting multiple times
•Attracted to fallen fruit, tree sap
•Unlike most stinging insects, these are most active at night and might require an evening inspection
•Attracted to exterior lights, or may bang into windows when attracted to interior lights. Using yellow bulbs on exterior is advised to keep them away
•Create nests in hollow trees, barns, out buildings, hollow walls of houses, attics and abandoned beehives. Nest has a brown, papery look though is often hidden.
•Usually about ½ to 1 inch long. Black with pale markings or a blue metallic luster. Has a “thread-waisted” body, meaning the segment is very thin between the thorax and abdomen. Clear or dark wings.
•Constructs nest of mud, sometimes in cracks and holes in buildings. Can be found low to the ground or high up in buildings like in the sidings, door frames, or attics.
•They are not typically dangerous, but other more dangerous stinging insects can take over their nests
•Solitary insects, do not live in colonies
•Solitary bees that create underground galleries, often creating large amounts of holes in yards
•Have a furry black and tan body
•Create entrances to the nests that are small piles or patches of bare soil. They do not form hives
•Queens do not defend their nesting areas and are very docile and unlikely to sting, posing little or no threat to people.
•Males can be very active and seem aggressive, they lack a sting and are also harmless.
•Forage for nectar and pollen from flowers
•Larger than most other wasps– they can be up to 1 ⅝ inch in length.
•Orange tinted wings and can have a noisy buzz.
•Have a sting that paralyzes cicadas.
•Females that can sting when threatened, but males that don’t sting
•Commonly found from July through September.
•Create burrows in the ground. Holes can be found in spots such as beneath shrubs or close to sidewalks.
•Furry golden-yellow colors and brown bands.
•Create wax hives are often located in the holes of trees and on rock crevices when in the wild. They can also build hives inside walls of buildings
•Do not hibernate during cold periods unlike other bees. Instead, they remain inside the nests huddled closely together.
•Can sting if threatened
•Call a beekeeper to remove honeybees. Do not contact a pest control company, you do not want to kill beneficial insects.